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The ASHI Basic First Aid training program is intended for individuals who are not healthcare providers or professional rescuers but desire or are required to be certified in basic emergency medical care. There are no class prerequisites.
The goal of this training program is to help students develop the knowledge, skills, and confidence to respond in a medical emergency. Founded in basic principles of instructional design and learning theory, ASHI promotes a "toolbox" approach to learning. This approach gives Instructors flexibility in both presentation strategies and materials to reach students with widely varying abilities in the countless instructional settings that exist in the real world.
ASHI Basic First Aid contains both core and supplemental training content.
Core Training Content
The core training content is the minimum knowledge and skill content that is required for certification in ASHI Basic First Aid.
In addition to the core training content required for certification, ASHI Basic First Aid contains supplemental knowledge and skill content that may be added by the instructor as desired or required.
Adding supplemental training content is sometimes necessary to customize ASHI Basic First Aid to the unique conditions or potential hazards of a specific workplace or work site. In addition, compliance with state health and safety regulations may mandate that certain topics are added to the program.
For example, in assessing workplace risks, an employer identifies a potential situation at a remote work site that could expose workers to stinging insects. Due to long EMS response times, the employer asks the instructor to provide training in how to recognize and provide first aid treatment for insect stings. This supplemental information is added to the core training content. Adding content Wilf add time to the training class. Supplemental training content is clearly identified and appropriately located throughout this Instructor Guide.
There are 3 different class types for ASHI Basic First Aid:
A classroom or blended learning training class for individuals who have never been certified or whose certification has expired.
A classroom training class for individuals who wish to refresh skill competency and maintain certification.
A classroom evaluation for individuals who wish to earn certification by demonstrating knowledge and skill competency without taking an initial or renewal class.
There are 2 main methods to teaching and certifying students in ASHI Basic First Aid:
This is an instructor-led, in-person, classroom-based approach where the core knowledge content is provided using scenario-based video segments or a slide presentation, followed by demonstration of skills and the opportunity for instructor- facilitated student practice. There is a maximum student to instructor ratio of 10:1. The recommended ratio is 6:1.
This is a mixed-mode approach using both online and in-person learning; core knowledge content is provided in video segments and interactive student exercises on-line, followed by in-person practice.
The face-to-face portion of a blended class focuses on the development of competent skills through hands-on practice. Required activities of the face-to-face portion of the Initial Blended Class include performing instructor demonstrations and student practices, completed just as in an Initial Instructor-Led Classroom Class.
The instructor performs a demonstration of the skill, using the WHOLE-PART-WHOLE method.
Following the instructor demonstration, allow adequate time for students to practice the skill.
THE FACE-TO-FACE PORTION OF THE BLENDED CLASS IS NOT INTENDED TO DO A SIMPLE SKILL CHECK OFF. THIS PORTION OF THE CLASS INCLUDES BOTH PRACTICE AND EVALUATION. FOR STUDENTS WHO ARE ALREADY COMPETENT IN THEIR KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS, CONSIDER USING THE CHALLENGE OPTION.
The outline and time frame for the Initial Blended Class are provided in Part 4. The class proceeds lesson by lesson until its conclusion. ASHI Basic First Aid certification cards are issued to those students who have earned them.
The certification requirements for the Initial Blended Class are the same as for an Initial Instructor-Led Classroom Class.
The Renewal Class is designed for individuals who are currently certified and want (or are required) to refresh skill competency and maintain certification. Individuals without current certification may not participate in a Renewal Class.
First aid skills, and the confidence to use them, deteriorate rapidly following initial training and certification, in as few as 30 to 90 days. Consider doing renewal training more frequently to refresh and maintain skills.
Lessons in the renewal class focus on the development of competent skills through hands-on practice. Required activities of a Renewal Class include performing instructor demonstrations and student practices, completed just as in the Initial Instructor-Led Classroom Class.
The outline and time frame for the Renewal Class are provided in Part 5. The Renewal Class proceeds lesson by lesson until its conclusion. ASHI Basic First Aid certification cards are issued to those students who have earned them.
The Renewal Class focuses on skill competency. If new certification cards will be issued, use of the Written Exam before, during, or after skills practice is necessary to refresh students on core knowledge content not covered in the skill sessions. The instructor should use the exam as an active learning tool That is, the exam may be given open book, or the instructor may read the questions out loud to the class and engage all students in choosing the correct answer and discussing the reasoning behind it. Scoring individual exams is not necessary unless it is required by a regulatory agency. Using an alternative method to the Written Exam that adequately covers all core knowledge content is acceptable.
The ASHI Basic First Aid Sudent Book is an up-to-date resource that covers the core knowledge and skill content required for certification. Each participant should have a current print or digital Student Book readily available during and after the class.
Performance Evaluation Sheets
Instructors can use performance evaluation sheets for a more formal approach to evaluating required skills. Performance evaluation is a scenario-based assessment process that provides sound, fair, consistent, uniform, objective, and reliable documentation of a student's competency per the skill criteria.
Unless required by a regulatory agency, it is not required for students to take and pass the Written Exam. However, the Written Exam documents are provided as an instructional tool and can be used to check student learning and effective retention of knowledge objectives.